Installing GNOME 3 and Shell in Trisquel 5 Dagda

6 replies [Last post]
icarolongo
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Joined: 03/26/2011

Add repository:
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/gnome3-team/gnome3/ubuntu natty main
deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/gnome3-team/gnome3/ubuntu natty main

Terminal:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
sudo apt-get install gnome-shell
sudo apt-get install gnome-tweak-tool

Download Cantarell font:
http://git.gnome.org/browse/cantarell-fonts/plain/ttf/

sudo mkdir /usr/share/fonts/truetype/cantarell
sudo cp ./Downloads/*.ttf /usr/share/fonts/truetype/cantarell

See pictures:
http://ompldr.org/vYjU0Zg
http://ompldr.org/vYjU0Zw

icarolongo
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Joined: 03/26/2011

System Info:
Dell Inspiron 1525(2008)
GNOME 3.0.2
Memory: 1.0 GB
Processor: Intel® Celeron(R) CPU 540 @ 1.86GHz
Graphics: Intel® 965GM GEM 20100330 DEVELOPMENT x86/MMX/SSE2
OS type: 32-bit

It works perfectly and very fast.
http://ompldr.org/vYjVtZQ

lansburyslido
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Joined: 08/29/2011

Looks good, but if it goes wrong on my install is their any way to revert back to the setup before the apt-get update and upgrade?

icarolongo
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Joined: 03/26/2011
Dave_Hunt

I am a member!

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Joined: 09/19/2011

Hi,

If you depend on the assistive tools, such as gnome-orca, do not do this
procedure. After making the suggested changes, I had a system in which
no application was accessible anymore.

HTH,

Dave

On 11/06/2011 04:22 PM, chrishall57 [at] gmail [dot] com wrote:
> Looks good, but if it goes wrong on my install is their any way to
> revert back to the setup before the apt-get update and upgrade?

icarolongo
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Joined: 03/26/2011

In login screen you can choose "Ubuntu 2D" to access Terminal and applications.

Install GNOME Shell and fallback
sudo apt-get install gnome-shell
sudo apt-get install gnome-session-fallback

After you logout and choose GNOME 3.

kokomo_joe

I am a member!

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Joined: 07/16/2011

Thanks icarolongo!

I followed your excellent instructions and installed Gnome3. It works great overall. I generally use Fluxbox, but Gnome3 is great for those situations where you need to use more mouse than keyboard, like the computer I mounted in front of my treadmill.

Some issues I have had and others might:

GPG: Before adding your repositories, I found that I needed to add the GPG key for the Ubuntu Gnome3 team.

To fix that, add the following lines into the terminal (replace XXXXXXXX with the last 8 digits of the public key that the APT GPG error message gives you):

gpg --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv XXXXXXXX

gpg --export --armor XXXXXXXX | sudo apt-key add -

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UGLY ISSUE: Gnome3 has ugly default themes. I don't know why. They should be beautiful by default. Fail!

You can adjust these with the tweak tool (GPLV3 licensed):

sudo apt-get install gnome-tweak-tool

This is a pretty easy gui to control a few aspects of Gnome3. I only used it to change the icon theme/sliders&buttons. Your mileage may vary. (gui bug?: Some of the buttons under the "Shell" portion were off screen with no ability to maximize the window. Could just be the fact that I was trying it on a small screen.)

Some people who post to this forum may play around with the themes more than I did and it would be cool if they would please post their experiences on the forum. There seems to be a lot of disagreement as to which theme packages to remove and which to install.

One says definitely remove the gnome-themes-standard and some say it's essential. Do or do not use the accessibility themes package, etc. etc. ad infinitum

Also, I think the tweak-tool will allow you to add the maximize and minimize buttons to your window borders. Only the close button is there by default. I don't know why.
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UNITY WM THING: When I finished installing, I logged out and then back in. Not only does GDM feature the Ubuntu logo instead of the prettier Triquel logo, but when I logged in I found that it had installed the Unity desktop and selected it as default. WTH? I recognized it immediately. I did not tell it to install Unity, I just followed the instructions given by icarolongo above.

I logged back out and had to click on "Other" user name to get to the part where GDM asks you what desktop to load. I unselected Unity and selected Gnome. Then I had to manually log into my user name and all was well. Weird.

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Gnome-Settings-Daemon: I found also that 100% of my both CPU cores were taken up by some process. It scared me at first that Gnome3 might be a memory hog. It didn't show this process in "System Monitor", so I knew something was up. I closed System Monitor and ran the command top in the terminal. I found that I had 3 instances of Gnome-Settings-Daemon running. I shut off and restarted the system and did not see that again. The next day, I logged back in and saw that there was only one instance, but that it still was absorbing almost all the processing power of both CPUs. It seems to be a known issue. For now, just restart and it will probably be gone. (I could not kill the process by any means. I had to shut down. It didn't even have status "D". It was "R". Frustrating.)

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Also the first time you use the Activities/Programs menus it might go slow. This could just be the Zeitgeist process running for the first time. (I'm thinking that when it initially runs it must accumulate all of the data it needs. It speeds up considerably, believe me.)

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I'll add any other issues I have to the forum.

I'm not trying to turn people off from Gnome3 with all of this. It runs very well and it's fun to use. I didn't know how I would take to it because it looked so different, but it's a very smart design and a worthy addition to GNU/Linux. Give it a try.

I hope you found this helpful. I'm sorry I could only post this in English.